The pertussis enigma: Reconciling epidemiology, immunology and evolution

Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B

PertussisPertussis, a highly contagious respiratory infection, remains a public health priority despite the availability of vaccines for 70 years. Still a leading cause of mortality in developing countries, pertussis has re-emerged in several developed countries with high vaccination coverage. Resurgence of pertussis in these countries has routinely been attributed to increased awareness of the disease, imperfect vaccinal protection or high infection rates in adults. In this review, we first present 1980 – 2012 incidence data from 63 countries and show that pertussis resurgence is not universal. We further argue that the large geographical variation in trends probably precludes a simple explanation, such as the transition from whole-cell to acellular pertussis vaccines. Review- ing available evidence, we then propose that prevailing views on pertussis epidemiology are inconsistent with both historical and contemporary data. Indeed, we summarize epidemiological evidence showing that natural infec- tion and vaccination both appear to provide long-term protection against transmission and disease, so that previously infected or vaccinated adults con- tribute little to overall transmission at a population level. Finally, we identify several promising avenues that may lead to a consistent explanation of global pertussis epidemiology and to more effective control strategies.

  • Domenech de Celle`s M, Magpantay FMG, King AA, Rohani P. 2016 The pertussis enigma: reconciling epidemiology, immunology and evolution. Proc. R. Soc. B 283: 20152309.

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