Estimating the distance to an epidemic threshold

Corresponding Author: Eamon B. O’Dea, An important component of predicting disease emergence is the ability to assess the distance to epidemic thresholds, the critical number of susceptible hosts needed for an epidemic to occur. Monitoring this threshold allows researchers to confirm the emergence of an epidemic and take action […]

Effectiveness of WHO’s pragmatic screening algorithm for child contacts of tuberculosis cases in resource-constrained settings: a prospective cohort study in Uganda

Corresponding Author:  Andreas Handel, For infectious diseases, especially diseases that are spread from person to person by droplets in the air produced by coughing or sneezing, determining the contact rate and tracing the contact network provides important information for implementing effective health interventions. One such disease, tuberculosis (TB), is […]

The impact of past vaccination coverage and immunity on pertussis resurgence

Corresponding Author: Pejman Rohani; After implementing routine vaccination in the 1940s, the United States witnessed a 100-fold reduction in pertussis cases, also known as whooping cough, leaving most to believe the disease to be essentially eliminated. However, this respiratory disease has made a surprising comeback, with a startling 48,277 reported […]

The description and number of undiscovered mammal species

Corresponding authors: John Vinson,; John Drake, Accurate species counts, as well as estimates of the number of undescribed species for a given ecosystem, are important for implementing effective conservation strategies across the globe. Since it is impossible to get a direct, total count of all species on Earth, […]

Characterizing the Phylogenetic Specialism–Generalism Spectrum of Mammal Parasites

Corresponding Authors: Andrew Park,; J. P. Schmidt,; John Drake,; Patrick Stephens, Generalist parasites are parasites that can infect many different hosts, allowing them to impact a wide range of animals and potentially facilitate disease emergence in new hosts. While this poses a threat for biodiversity conservation and public health, understanding […]

Migratory behavior predicts greater parasite diversity in ungulates

Corresponding authors: Claire S. Teitelbaum,; Richard J. Hall,; Sonia Altizer, Summary Author: Clarissa Keisling, Ungulates, or hoofed animals, are found all over the world and display a variety of movement behaviors, such as seasonal migration, nomadism, and range residency. Disease ecologists predict that these movements can either increase their exposure […]

Anthropogenic resource subsidies and host–parasite dynamics in wildlife

Corresponding Authors: Daniel J. Becker,; Richard J. Hall,; Sonia Altizer, Summary Author: Clarissa Keisling Photo Credit: Richard Hall Ecological and environmental research frequently reports on the negative anthropogenic effects on wildlife, with habitat loss and destruction as a major focus. However, human activities including agriculture, urbanization, and supplemental feeding can alternatively […]

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